When we are healthy, our nails are usually translucent and slightly pink, revealing the color of our skin. They are mainly composed of a hardened protein called keratin and are made up of several layers, among which we find the nail plate, the varnished and filed outer shell. This part of the nail is particularly affected by the color change: it can turn yellow.
Benign causes of yellow nails
Several reasons can explain this change in nail color. The first, aging: the color, thickness and shape of the nails change with age. This staining, while often considered unsightly, fortunately has no health effects and should not be a cause for concern.
Smokers are also confronted with yellow nails: in question, nicotine.
Prolonged and/or excessive use of nail polish can also cause nail discoloration, especially if the colors used tend towards red or orange.
Although unpleasant, the last benign cause of yellow nails is a fungal infection of the nails called onychomycosis. This requires consultation with a doctor and treatment.
The pathological causes of yellow nails
Yellow nails can also be a symptom of a more serious condition: psoriasis, diabetes, jaundice, tuberculosis, sinusitis or thyroid problems. They can also be a symptom of fluid buildup in body tissues or related to taking certain medications.
It is then recommended to consult a doctor and inform him of any other symptoms, such as pain, bleeding or swelling in the nails, and changes in the shape or thickness of the nail plate. ‘nail.
Indeed, there is another disease, commonly called yellow nail syndrome. This very rare pathology causes the nails to turn yellow, which is slowly damaged. This yellow nail syndrome also has more serious symptoms, including difficulty breathing and swelling in the lower limbs.
How to treat yellow nails?
Yellow nails can be treated naturally if there is no pathological cause or fungal infection causing their staining. In the “grandmother’s remedies” category, a treatment consists of soaking the affected nail in a mixture of hot water and baking soda, or applying alcohol vinegar to it. Tea tree essential oil can also be used to restore the nails to their original color: mixed with a neutral oil, you can apply it to the nails.
How to prevent the appearance of yellow nails?
Maintaining good hand, foot, and nail hygiene can help prevent yellowing of your nails. Don’t forget to wash your nails regularly, and dry well afterwards. It is also recommended to regularly disinfect the nail clippers, wear clean and breathable shoes, and change socks daily.